As in the earliest times this office was held by the head of a family (Job 1), it is not remarkable to find a union of regal and sacerdotal functions in the same man. Hebrews 7:1 - For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, on StudyLight.org Jerome maintained that Salem was situated near Scythopolis, where in his day were pointed out ruins of “Melchizedek’s palace.” Another tradition (probably of Samaritan origin) makes Mount Gerizim the place of meeting, in which case the city of Melchizedek would probably be near Shechem. The object of the writer is, in reality, very simple—to deal with the question, What is the import of the divine utterance that David’s Lord is a “Priest for ever after the order of Melchizedek”? 11,) Salem, the city of Melchisedec, was Jerusalem. What is the significance that … King of Salem—The celebrated Jewish traveller, Joseph Wolfe, “no mean authority on such a subject,” is quoted by Mr. Grove, in Smith’s Biblical Dictionary, as expressing the belief that Salem, signifying peace, is here not the name of a place but a part of Melchizedek’s title. If you are a Bible student or teacher, you can discuss each week’s commentary and lesson at the International Bible Lesson Forum. This one man constitutes the order. Beyond not only Abraham, Levi, and his posterity, but this great Melchisedec, as to his sacerdotal power and dignity. 1:9-10). 1 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; Ver. 14), the king in heroic times was general, judge and priest. This "order" is contrasted in Chapter 7:11 with that of Aaron, as we shall see. Melchizedek is a mystery-man, but part of the problem is failing to understand the Hebrew idiom and reading too much into the words. The person spoken of described by his name, Melchizedek to be Shem the Son of Noah; but this cannot be, because of his genealogy is exactly set down by Moses. Bible Lessons Commentary website along with the International Bible Lesson that you may want to read to your class as part of your Bible study. These intellectual hang-ups kept them from continuing on to maturity in Jesus. 1. King of Salem. Abraham, the depositary of the Divine promises is met by Melchizedek, "king of Salem ... priest of God Most High ... Possessor of Heaven and earth" (Gen. 14:18, 19). His name means, King of righteousness (Calvary); his position, and then also King of Salem, means King of Peace (the result of Calvary). See also Beazley’s Dawn of Modern Geography, ii. This reminds us that throughout the New Testament, especially in Hebrews and the Revelation, we see that Christ's enemies are to be put beneath His feet as the first step in the establishment of the kingdom. Cf. Hebrews 7:15. Between the subject Melchizedek and the verb , there are inserted five historical facts taken from Genesis 14, with their interpretation. And Melchizedek said, Blessed be Abraham of the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth. 2. This peace indeed is the fruit of that righteousness which he has mentioned. 22:22; Heb. (See Isaiah 9:6.). Salem Jerusalem; ie seeing peace (Psalms 76:2); not the Salem (Genesis 33:18) which is distinguished by the Salem - Jerusalem; i:e., seeing peace (Psalms 76:2); not the Salem (Genesis 33:18) which is distinguished by the adjunct, "a city of Shechem." 110), superseding and preceding Aaron and all the Levitical economy, his place is exceeding high. Wordsworth endeavours to identify Salem with Shechem, which was, indeed, a most memorable spot in patriarchal times, but he only shows a Salem near Shechem, yet not Shechem itself. The Predicate is, Hebrews 7:3, ἀπάτωρ— εἰς τὸ διηνεκὲς, without father—for ever. And a priest. Aphomoiōmenosaccording to Parkhurst, is “made very like.” So also Scott: “The composition is probably intended to add energy; made very like.” And Bloomfield adopts, “being made by the divine decree a type of that great High Priest, who, &c,;” see the notes in Greek Testament. There are other Salems mentioned as competitors for this honour, but their claims are very slender. At the end of the last chapter, that he might return from his digression to his subject, he quoted again the passage from the Psalms; and now he enters fully into what he had before slightly referred to; for he enumerates particularly the things connected with Melchisedec, in which he resembled Christ. (110), The first likeness is in the name; for it was not without a mystery that he was called the King of righteousness. is, as a rule, closely followed throughout. King of Salem, means King of Peace. Returning from the slaughter.—Rather, from the smiting, or defeat. Our Hebrews are on the spot, and can look back through the Antitype to his primeval type, the primitive “King of righteousness” and “peace.” Wordsworth, indeed, objects that Jerusalem, being the special locality of the Hebrew theocracy, was not the proper place for a universal representative priest; but that is forgetting that Jerusalem was then not Hebrew but Gentile. Observe, 3. How can I get to heaven? Melchizedek is revealed, in his person and ministry, to Abraham, the great-grandfather of Levi, Aaron's ancestor. For if the priesthood of Christ were not so excellent as that of Aaron, it was to no purpose to persuade them to embrace the former, and reject the latter. —The Shemite immigrant rejoiced in the benediction of the Amorite pontiff. Hebrews 7:1. To speak briefly: 1. After Melchizedek, "priest of God Most High, brought forth bread and wine" ... and blessed Abram in Genesis 14, God waits a thousand years, and then Melchizedek appears in Psalm 110:4, where God says: "Jehovah hath sworn, and will not repent: Thou art a Priest forever After the order of Melchizedek.". 1), and a maternal genealogy (Lk. This was, probably, Jerusalem, but of this we can have no certainty, nor is it of the smallest importance in order to our entering into the meaning of the Apostle. And blessed him: it was an act of his sacerdotal office, such as God enjoined on such officers afterwards in Numbers 6:23-27, and not a common wish and desire only. It is most probable that he was a mortal man, and a Canaanite, but yet a most righteous man, and a priest of the most high God by special dispensation; and that Chedorlaomer and the other kings that over ran the country, and spoiled it, forbare, out of reverence to the man and his office, to meddle with Melchisedec’s territories. Now we read in the Psalms (104:15) of "wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart"; and Jesse sent bread and wine to King Saul by David (1 Sam. Of Melchizedek we know nothing beyond what we learn from the brief narrative of Genesis 14. But though Melchizedek, as a man, had father and mother, yet as a priest he had no predecessor nor successor; no predecessor from whom he might by birth receive his sacerdotal power; no successor who derived his priesthood from him: Now herein also was Melchizedek, and illustrious type of Christ, who derived his priesthood from no mortal predecessor from whom he might by birth receive his sacerdotal power; no successor who derived his priesthood, together with his kingdom, to God the Father, who gave him both. Abraham was a lonely Shemite, who had but lately come into the country, a brother, yet a foreigner; a brave sheik with a goodly band of followers, and a predicted progenitor of a great people; but as yet he was entirely inferior to a settled. He could not be a Jewish high priest. The most high God.—A title characteristic of the narrative (Genesis 14:18-20; Genesis 14:22). ... We see in it nothing less than a miracle of Divine wisdom, guiding Melchizedek and Abraham with a view to that which was to take place with the Son of God two thousand years later; revealing to the psalmist the secret purpose of the Divine mind in the promise made to the Son in Heaven; and then, by the same Holy Spirit, guiding the writer of our epistle to his Divinely-inspired exposition. Melchizedek was greater than Aaron, because he was king as well as high priest. Adonizedek ('lord of righteousness'), king of Jerusalem, was plainly a successor of Melchisedek. The Jews accepted the fact that Melchizedek was a true priest of the Most High God, even though he was not part of the Aaronic priesthood. The counsels of God revealed in Melchizedek, therefore, are prior to those revealed in Aaron and his ministry. Another sacerdotal act, or exercise of priestly power ascribed to Melchizedek, is, that he received of Abraham tithes of all; the one paid them in a way duty, the other received them in a way of office. It is by optical truth only, not by corporeal facts, that he becomes a picture, and with his surroundings a visible tableau, into which the psalmist first reads the conception of an adumbration of the eternal priesthood of the Messiah; and all our author does is to develop the particulars which are in mass presupposed by the psalmist. . 1.For—Connecting with Hebrews 5:10, after the intervening digression. εὐλόγησε. slaughter = defeat, or smiting. Now they are being asked to accept Jesus as High Priest. 7:3 Without father, without mother, without genealogy, he has neither beginning of days nor end of life but is like the son of God, and he remains a priest for all time. The book of Hebrews tells us more about the deity and priesthood of Jesus Christ than any other book in the Bible. ’ “priest of the Most High God”. and reading too much into the words. This was a subject of great importance, and is therefore repeated v10. Mr. Wolfe had as a friend a sheik in the kingdom of Khiva, whose name was Abder-Rahman, signifying “Slave of the merciful God.” He is also called Shahe-Adaalat, “King of Righteousness,” the same as the Hebrew Melchizedek. See last note above. continueth a priest for ever. But, the scripture speaks of another priestly order, which formed no part of the Jewish priesthood. Observe, 2. The monuments show us that these kings were contemporaries two thousand three hundred years B.C., and furnish many interesting particulars regarding them; see Driver in Authority and Archaeology, pp. The Judaizers in those days were very busy in trying to force the Mosaic system upon Christians, claiming it to be still in force. Jesus is a high priest forever, in the priestly order of Melchizedek. kope. He received tithes of Abraham: unto whom Abraham, the patriarch, gave a tenth out of the chief spoils (vs. 4). Abraham was, at the time of meeting Melchizedek, returning from the region of Damascus to his home at Mamre, or Hebron, and would pass in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem. 1.For this Melchisedec, etc. The person pointed at by this name, is mentioned only once by Moses, and that in Genesis 14:18-20. He is a king-priest not of Judaism, but of Gentilism universally. 1), and Son of Man (Ch. 2. Wordsworth endeavours to identify Salem with Shechem, which was, indeed, a most memorable spot in patriarchal times, but he only shows a Salem, Shechem, yet not Shechem itself. The ideal priesthood is also that of a king. 3). All its most remarkable characteristics are found enveloped in the wondrous type. (111) It hence follows, that out of his kingdom nothing but sin reigns among men. Hebrews 7:1. Hebrews 7:1-17. You may be a king or you may be a priest, but you could not be both at once. Mr. Wolfe had as a friend a sheik in the kingdom of Khiva, whose name was Abder-Rahman, signifying “Slave of the merciful God.” He is also called Shahe-Adaalat, “King of Righteousness,” the same as the Hebrew Melchizedek. This was that which our apostle did principally design to confirm from hence, namely, that there was in the Scripture, before the institution of the Aaronical priesthood, a representation of an eternal, unchangeable priesthood, to be introduced into the church; which demonstrated to be that of Jesus Christ, of which Melchizedek's priesthood was a type. , worshipping the true God with acceptable rites before the apostasy of Ham had, in this region, established idolatry. Choose a chapter and verse from 'Hebrews' to begin your 'Verse-by-Verse' study of God's Word using the more than 100 commentaries available on StudyLight.org a. He was (vs. 1) King of Salem, priest of God Most High, a dignity high above that of Abraham the Patriarch. Therefore from eternity to eternity He is such! Commentary on Hebrews 7:1-3 (Read Hebrews 7:1-3) Melchizedec met Abraham when returning from the rescue of Lot. 1, 6): so is greater "better," than Abraham. confessed superiority to Abraham and Levi, Hebrews 7:11-19 from the imperfection of the Levitical priesthood, which. Aaron, on the other hand, is connected constantly with sacrifices. This title, "the Most High," handed down by tradition from primitive revelation, appears in the Phoenician [ `Elyown (Hebrew #5946)]. Time has proved Josephus correct in saying Salem is Jerusalem. See the notes on Genesis 14:18; Genesis 14:24. Therefore this passage does not prevent us from believing that Arioch, king of Ellasar, lived and reigned after the disaster. Abraham, on God's part; next, he blessed God on Abraham's part: a reciprocal blessing. For, &c. — The apostle having promised to lead the believing Hebrews forward to the perfection of Christian knowledge, (Hebrews 6:1-4,) particularly with regard to the high-priesthood of Christ as typified by that of Melchisedec, which he had repeatedly mentioned, (namely, Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 5:10; Hebrews 6:20,) as a figure of it he proceeds now to fulfil his promise; and, in order thereto, points out the deep meaning of the oath recorded Psalms 110:4. (Witham) --- The excellency of this personage was so transcendent, that some of the ancients took him to be an Angel, and some the Holy Ghost. According to the narrative in Genesis the meeting took place “after Abraham had returned” from the defeat of the king; but probably the meaning does not differ from that here given. This, however, is now denied, see Moore, Judges, p. 413, who says that the common opinion that Jebus was the native name of the city, has no real ground in O.T. But if Chedorlaomer, Amraphel, and Tidal were slain, though Arioch survived, "slaughter of the kings" is correct. The context explains the relationship between Jesus’ and Melchizedek’s priesthood, which is superior to the Levitical priesthood. HEBREWS IVP New Testament Commentary Series. For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, Hastings' Dictionary of the New Testament, The Hawker's Poor Man's Concordance And Dictionary, Watson's Biblical & Theological Dictionary, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Tsedeqand is correctly explained as meaning “king of righteousness” - being compounded of two words - “king and righteousness.” Why this name was given to this man is unknown. 2), Who, as such, is to have all things subjected to Him, it is emphasized at the close of Chapter 2, that, having suffered, having been tempted, "He is able to succor them that are tempted." His name, "King of Righteousness," doubtless suitable to his character, marked him as a type of the Messiah and his kingdom. verse 15) may be translated. 5:6, 10; 6:20; 7:17). But the account in Genesis is as simple a historical record as any other in the Bible. Hebrews 7:1-10 the Greatness of the Melchizedek Priesthood . This is certain, he was king of Salem, endowed with royal power, such as the other kings in Canaan had. 1. cap. induced the necessity of a change to one more perfect. (1) For this Melchisedec.—The sentence is completed in the last words of Hebrews 7:3, . This tradition, found in Josephus and in the earliest of the Targums, agrees well with the circumstances of the narrative as far as we can follow them, and seems to deserve acceptance. 1 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, . Ah, but he is more than that! Cf. In 7:1–28, the author carefully explains the relationship between Jesus and Melchizedek, which was introduced in 5:10 just before the lengthy warning passage of … After setting forth these personal features which so endear our Lord to us, the Spirit immediately proceeds to bring before us two great facts, both of which must be laid hold of if we would understand either our present heavenly position and walk, or our future hopes in connection with our Great High Priest. But, he comes from the wrong Tribe! After the description of our Great High Priest, the Son of God (Ch. Note that Melchizedek blessed Abraham. This notion is sufficiently refuted by his being said to be made like unto the Son of God; language which could not be employed if he were actually such: a thing cannot be said to be like to itself. And blessed him - Blessed him as a priest of God; blessed him in such a manner as to imply acknowledged superiority; see Hebrews 7:1. The king of Sodom is about to offer Abraham of the spoils of the victory, saying, "Give me the persons, and take the goods to thyself.". He was not "after the order of Aaron" at any time, though of course in the types such as the Day of Atonement, blood sacrifice was set forth. One is hard-pressed to find a verse-by-verse commentary on the Book of Hebrews from a Torah perspective. Most high—Says Philo, “The Logos, who is shadowed forth by Melchizedek, is ‘Priest of the Most High;’ not as though there were other gods not most high, for God is as the One in heaven above, and in the earth beneath, and there is none besides him.”. Here note, That the first personal instituted type of Christ, was Melchizedek, as priest; for in his kingly office he was not so directly typical of Christ. Christ (Zechariah 6:13) unites these offices in their highest sense. Abraham was, at the time of meeting Melchizedek, returning from the region of Damascus to his home at Mamre, or Hebron, and would pass in the neighbourhood of Jerusalem. Melchizedek, we read, "brought forth bread and wine: and he was priest of God Most High" (Gen. 14:18). “And when he makes peace between the kings he bears the title, ‘Shahe-Soolkh,’ king of peace, in Hebrew, Melek-Salem.” But the best ancient Jewish authorities, the Targums and Josephus, agree that, here is an ancient name of Jerusalem. A Jewish legend, preserved in the later Targums on the Pentateuch, but not in the Targum of Onkelos, identifies him with the patriarch Shem; and many conjectures of a later date (stimulated by the remarkable language of these verses) have been far wilder in their extravagance. He managed all as a priest between his own people and the great God, ruling of them in all matters civil, and teaching and ordering them in all sacred things. Hebrews 1:7 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 1:7, NIV : "In speaking of the angels he says, 'He makes his angels spirits, and his servants flames of fire.'" Yet it is not in the person of Melchizedek alone, but in the grouping, also, of circumstances around and in his person, that the inspired imagination of the psalmist finds the shadowing points. "The king's dale" (2 Samuel 18:18), identified in Genesis 14:17 with Shaveh, is placed by Josephus and tradition near Jerusalem. "For it was the good pleasure (of the Trinity) that in Him (Christ) should all the fullness dwell; and through Him to reconcile all things unto Himself, having made peace through the blood of His Cross ... whether things upon the earth, or things in the heavens" (Col. 1:19-20). Some Account of Melchizedec. www.easyenglish.bible. vi.] They were being tempted to return to Judaism and abandon their faith in Christ. It is indeed no wonder that he dwells so minutely on this subject. FULL UNFOLDING OF THE HIGH PRIESTHOOD, Hebrews 7:1 to Hebrews 10:18. It is certain he was a man who lived by bread and wine, as well as Abraham, and received tithes from him becoming a man. is the ancient name of this city. This city being in Abraham’s way, as he returned from Damascus to Sodom, after the slaughter of the kings, many are of Jerome’s opinion, that the northern Salem was Melchisedec’s city rather than Jerusalem, which was situated farther to the south.” Priest of the most high God — This title given him by Moses, and here taken notice of by the apostle, implies that he had been appointed to that office in a solemn and public manner; and, of consequence, “that there was a priest divinely appointed to officiate for the worshippers of the true God in Canaan, long before the days of Aaron, and before God formed to himself a visible church from any particular family or nation of mankind. In the Amarna tablets Urusalim is used and no trace is found of any name corresponding to Jebus. It was in God’s name, by his commission, effectually denounced on Abraham by virtue of his office and God’s institution; the height of God and all the good in heaven and in earth within God’s possession is conveyed to him, Genesis 15:1, of seeing, denoting it to be such a serious and intent act, as calls for the utmost exercise of the discerning faculty; a carelessness in it, or an oversight, might make the proposal to be to no purpose. 39–45. Genesis 14:19-20. also Acts 16:17; Acts 7:58, also Luke 1:32; Luke 1:35; Luke 1:70; Luke 6:35. Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life: a High Priest after the order of Melchisedec. "De 32:8 Ps 9:2-5 21:7 47:2-4 56:2,3 82:6,8 83:16-18 91:9-12" "2Sa 22:14,15 Da 5:18"--Scofield Bible p. Hebrews 7:17, ἐξῆλθε δὲ βασιλεὺς σοδόμων εἰς συνάντησιν αὐτῷ μετὰ τὸ ὑποστρέψαι αὐτὸν ἀπὸ τῆς κοπῆς, κ. τ. λ. Slaughter, [ kopees (Greek #2871)] defeat (Alford). He appears an unlineal priest, without father, mother, or pedigree. . The language of the LXX. He is then called the King of righteousness, because of what he effects in diffusing righteousness on all his people. Melchizedek, as priest of God Most High, acts doubly: (1) He calls the blessing of God Most High upon Abraham; and then (2) he blesses God Most High. Aaron was thus not a mere type. Melchizedek is here described by his office; he was king of Salem, and a priest of the Most High God; yea, the first that was so by special institution and separated to the office by God's approbation? 5., and intending to treat of the latter at large afterward, which he does chap. (7:1; Genesis 14:1-24) From the booty he and his slaves had taken from the invaders, Abraham gave a tenth of everything to Melchizedek. This picks up the explanation where it stopped in Hebrews 5:11. It hence follows that wherever Christ’s kingdom extends, there peace ought to be, as we find in Isaiah 2:1, and in other places. John Piper Dec 8, 1996 170 Shares God is most glorified in us when we are most satisfied in him Without father, without mother--revealed to us; without genealogy--revealed to us. There I did not venture to affirm that Arioch is the same as Arius, and I am less disposed to do so now. Again, Christ was a high priest after the order of Melchisedec; if then he were Melchisedec he was made a high priest after his own order. He is preceded and succeeded by an everlasting silence, so as to present neither beginning nor end of life. tenth part of all”) enumerates the known facts of the history of Melchizedek; the following clauses are occupied with the interpretation of the history, and with inferences from it. About, more puerile speculation has been written, extending from Hierax to Alford, than has been expended upon any human character in Scripture. Calvary South Denver 8,157 views. X-Atheist-Satanist comes to #JESUS - Amazing Christian Testimony - … a High Priest after the order of Melchisedec, and declared to be so by his entrance within the veil in heaven at his ascension, he reasoneth it out by showing what this Melchisedec was. The verb does not come until Hebrews 7:3 "abideth.". Ian Mackervoy. The Jews accepted the fact that Melchizedek was a true priest of the Most High God, even though he was not part of the Aaronic priesthood. Calvary South Denver 8,113 views. Hebrews 1:7, ESV : "Of the angels he says, “He makes his angels winds, and his ministers a flame of fire.”" A vital principle to remember concerning the Old and New Covenants is that what did not originate with the Old Covenant did not die with it.The gist of the argument in Hebrews 7 is that, since the Levitical priesthood has no authority under the New Covenant, the ritual laws pertaining to the priesthood are no longer valid. The blessing which he pronounced on the patriarch is recorded. But it was Christ after the order of Melchizedek Who "offered up Himself," and thereafter appears in blessing, as did Melchizedek to Abram in Gen. Remember that the Jews were extremely accurate and meticulous in examining the qualifications of one who would be the high priest. The first part of this sentence (Hebrews 7:1-2, as far as “. All conjectures which we may form on the subject are out of place. This the Fathers condemn; for had he not been a man, a king, and a priest, he would not have been so worthy a type of our Saviour. Among the kings conquered by Joshua, no king of Salem distinct from Jerusalem is mentioned. To this effect he had been called of God, and his priesthood was after the order of Melchisedec, which is proved by a quotation from Psalm 110 : Chap 5:6. years later we find a psalm with just one single verse, in which God Himself is introduced, swearing to His Son that He is to be a High Priest after the order of Melchizedek. Names, however, were frequently given on account of some quality or characteristic of the man: see the notes on. 23.)". But it is of its excellence and dignity that he discourses here, and yet not absolutely, but in comparison with the Levitical priesthood, which method was both necessary, and directly conducive to his end. Having asserted, Hebrews 6:20, that Jesus was made from eternity. Such an occurrence was by no means improbable, nor would it have been attended with any special difficulty if it had not been for the use which the apostle makes of it in this Epistle. No kingly line named, no "successor"; not as with the kings of Israel and Judah, a life with recorded beginning and end. The summary of this chapter is: Christ, as is shown by the type Melchisedec, who was greater than Abraham himself, from whom Levi is descended, has a priesthood truly excellent, new, perfect, stedfast, everlasting.— βασιλεὺς— ἱερεὺς, king—priest) Christ is also both.— ἱερεὺς τοῦ θεοῦ ὑψίστου) So the LXX., Genesis 14:18; that is, Priest of the Most High GOD.— ὁ συναντήσας ἀβραὰμ ὑποστρέφοντι ἀπὸ τῆς κοπῆς) The LXX., ibid. Another thousand years pass, and that single verse becomes the seed of the wondrous exposition, in this epistle, of the whole work of redemption as revealed in Christ Jesus. The author had argued Christ's superiority to Moses and the fact that Christianity was the fulfillment of the promise for a better rest. King ... priest. So in the only other cases in which it is found in the New Testament-namely, the demoniac and the divining damsel confessing other gods are false, and God alone is to be exalted (Mark 5:7; Acts 16:17). What is here asserted concerning Melchizedek; namely, that he abideth a priest for ever; that is, things are so related concerning him in Scripture, as that there is no mention of the ending of the priesthood of his order. Melchizedek, being priest of God Most High, "possessor of Heaven and earth," must represent Christ leading in worship, in Heaven as well as on earth! By successive speculators in different ages he has been conjectured to be the Holy Spirit; one of the, of God; the Logos; an angel; an ante-mundane man, created, not out of matter, but spirit; Enoch descended from heaven; Shem, Job, a great Unknown. In the same way, many Christians are hung up on intellectual issues that couldbe resolved, allowing them to move o… The first thing to note is that Melchizedek was both a king and a priest in the same person (7:1), which was not allowed in Israel. without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life; but made like unto the Son of God; abideth a priest continually. As Abraham. It is thus not in his actual unknown reality, but in the Scripture presentation, that the group of shadowings appears. By saying that he “blessed” Abraham, we are to render that he prayed God to bless him, as we find it explained in Genesis 14:19. Both were kings of peace and righteousness, and neither of them deduced their right to their respective priesthood from any succession: both of them exercised the office of blessing, as priests, and neither of them deriving their office from parentage, it follows, that no objection can be raised against the priesthood of the one, which does not equally lie against the priesthood of the other. Our High Priest is the Son of God Perfect Forever. that the group of shadowings appears. In N.T. He blessed God Most High on the occasion of Abraham's triumph over The kings (Vs. 1), and his rescue of wretched Lot (type, perhaps of Israel's condition at Armageddon). But Boscawen (First of Empires, p. 179) disputes the identification of Amraphel with Khammurabi. Not to take up the history of Melchizedek and allegorise each part, but to point out the full meaning of the comparison made in the prophecy, which declares the priesthood of the future King to be “after the order of Melchizedek—i.e., to be such as the priesthood of Melchizedek typically set forth. In the Armana tablets, Urusalim is the ancient name of this city. He blessed Abraham, "who had the promises" (vss. In the Ordo Temporum, p. 176, I have taken τὴν κοπὴν, in the strict sense, for the slaughter and destruction of the kings; but the meaning, flight, is also one consistent with the word הכות (LXX. . The patriarchs before the law, the Jews under the law, and the Christians in times of the gospel, have all paid this proportion: From whence some have concluded, that as the seventh part of our time, so the tenth part of our goods and estates were given to God from the beginning, as Lord of all our time, and proprietor of our estate. He was a man (Heb. According to Aristotle (Pol., iii. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of … —Says Philo, “The Logos, who is shadowed forth by Melchizedek, is ‘Priest of the Most High;’ not as though there were other gods not most high, for God is as the One in heaven above, and in the earth beneath, and there is none besides him.”, This picks up the explanation where it stopped in, but part of the problem is failing to understand the. But it is not the locality that is important, but the meaning of Salem. And since a person would need to be greater than another in order to be able to bless him (verse7), this circumstance shows that even their father Abraham was not as great a person as Melchisedec. Commentary on Hebrews 1:4-14 (Read Hebrews 1:4-14) Many Jews had a superstitious or idolatrous respect for angels, because they had received the law and other tidings of the Divine will by their ministry. . by Ray C. Stedman. A free Bible Commentary on the Letter to the Hebrews in Easy English. 189; and esp., Boscawen’s First of Empires, c. Intimating him to be somewhat excessive to other great ones: and how much greater then must be Christ, if his type be so great! It is thus not in his actual unknown reality, but in the Scripture. This was a part of the duty of a priest in Israel. “And when he makes peace between the kings he bears the title, ‘Shahe-Soolkh,’ king of peace, in Hebrew, Melek-Salem.” But the best ancient Jewish authorities, the Targums and Josephus, agree that Salem here is an ancient name of Jerusalem. Blessed him—The Shemite immigrant rejoiced in the benediction of the Amorite pontiff. —The celebrated Jewish traveller, Joseph Wolfe, “no mean authority on such a subject,” is quoted by Mr. Grove, in Smith’s Biblical Dictionary, as expressing the belief that, is here not the name of a place but a part of Melchizedek’s title. The writer to the Hebrews wanted to remove these intellectual problems the Jewish Christians had with the gospel. also Dalman, Words of Jesus, p. 198; and especially Charles’ edition of Book of Jubilees, pp. Whatsoever we receive signally from God, in a way of mercy, we ought to return a portion of it to him in a way of duty. The matter of blessing is laid down, Genesis 14:19. But, the scripture speaks of another priestly order, which formed no part of the Jewish priesthood. Hebrews 7:1 "For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; We have discussed this Melchizedek at length in a previous lesson. In the book of Genesis all we know of him is told in three short, very simple verses. Hebrews 7:1-4 King James Version (KJV) 7 For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; 2 To whom also Abraham gave a tenth part of all; first being by interpretation King of righteousness, and after that also King of Salem, which is, King of peace; Salem is a short name for Jerusalem ( Psalm 76:2), where this man was located as both king and priest. “Rejoice, O daughter of Sion, Behold thy righteous King, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, William Newell's Commentary on Romans, Hebrews and Revelation, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, Joseph Benson's Commentary of the Old and New Testaments, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Haldane's Exposition on the Epistle to the Romans and Hebrews. Hebrews 5:6; Hebrews 5:10, Hebrews 6:20 and he had hinted, that he had many things to say of him, and hard to be understood; all therefore which has been said in the preceding chapter is a digression; from which he now returns, in order to explain what he meant by strong meat. Arioch, king of Ellasar, lived and reigned after the disaster (Bengel). It is by optical truth only, not by corporeal facts, that he becomes a picture, and with his surroundings a visible tableau, into which the psalmist first reads the conception of an adumbration of the eternal priesthood of the Messiah; and all our author does is to develop the particulars which are in mass presupposed by the psalmist. Having neither beginning of days nor end of life--(vs. 3) revealed to us: no recorded time of birth, death, or age. He was also priest of the most High God, Genesis 14:19, so that he united in his own person the offices of king and priest; he was, therefore, a royal priest. Christ is a Priest, and He is a Man. but in His being the Son of God from eternity to eternity. Let us now consider each of those particulars in which the Apostle makes Christ like Melchisedec. Hebrews 7:1 - For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning... - Verse-by-Verse Commentary We must take the narrative of Moses just as it stands. For this Melchisedec] Some make him the same with Shem; others say it was the Holy Ghost; others say it was Christ himself under the guise of a king and priest. 9. Observe, 5. He is a Priest forever after the order of Melchizedek (5:6-10; 6:20; 7:17). That he descended from Ham, third son of Noah, because an inhabitant in Canaan, and that his name, Melchisedec, was the common name of the princes of that country, whose metropolis was first called Tsedec, then Salem, then Jerusalem, because the king of it in Joshua’s time was named Adoni-zedec, which is synonymous with this, is all conjectural. Melchizedek 7:1 … Our opinion is, that Melchizedek was nobody but himself; himself as simply narrated in Genesis 14:18-20; in which narrative both David, in Psalms 110, and our author after him, find every point they specify in making him a king-priest, typical of the king-priesthood of Christ. : Amraphel, Arioch, Chedorlaomer and Tidal, i.e., Khammurabi, Eriaku, Kudurlachgumal and Tudchula. It was doubtless no common thing that in a country abounding in the corruptions of so many superstitions, a man was found who preserved the pure worship of God; for on one side he was nigh to Sodom and Gomorrah, and on the other to the Canaanites, so that he was on every side encompassed by ungodly men. The apostle proceeds unto other instances in the description of Melchizedek, wherein he was made like unto the Son of God, Hebrews 7:3. Who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings: he went from Jerusalem with necessary refreshings to meet Abraham, the friend of God, the father of believers, a prince and a priest himself, and of whose posterity was to come the Messiah, now returning from his victory over Chedorlaomer and his confederate kings, with the rescue of his nephew, and all his, to his tents at Mamre. "May God teach us to know what it means that Christ is our Melchizedek, a Priest forever. I. He is traveling through the wilderness with the people of God before they come into the land of their inheritance. The conviction of Calvin and a host of careful commentators is a true one, that his having neither beginning of days nor end of life is a descriptive clause of the same character as without father, without mother, without genealogy. Priest of the most high God—A dignitary of high rank; both king and priest, worshipping the true God with acceptable rites before the apostasy of Ham had, in this region, established idolatry. About this Melchizedek more puerile speculation has been written, extending from Hierax to Alford, than has been expended upon any human character in Scripture. This epistle was written for the special benefit of the Hebrews (or Jews) who had become Christians. And, "Ye know neither Me, nor My father."). Locate the Passage; The longest doctrinal section of the epistle begins with Hebrews 7 and concludes at 10:18. King of Salem.—Jewish tradition affirms strongly that this Salem occupied the site on which Jerusalem afterwards stood; and certainly Salem is a poetic name of Jerusalem (Psalms 76:2). Whenever we see an essay headed, “Who was Melchizedek?” we promptly direct our attention elsewhere. Time has proved Josephus correct in saying Salem is Jerusalem. His priesthood is, then, after the order of Melchizedek, not after the order of Aaron (7:11). This shows him to be a man, as doth his next title. He met Abraham returning from the defeat of … Dec 8, 1996. If we look for the construction, Melchisedech may be joined with what follows, (ver. Hebrews 7:1. οὗτος) The subject, namely, This man, who is mentioned ch. Note that Melchizedek blessed Abraham. This fact has special meaning to a Jew. 3. The Nature of Melchizedek’s Priesthood 7:1 Now this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, met Abraham as he was returning from defeating the kings and blessed him. So had God prepared in Melchizedek a wondrous prophecy of His Son, Whose right to the priesthood lay in no earthly birth. And the excellency of this blessing cannot be sufficiently estimated, unless you consider on the other hand, how miserable a thing it is to be tormented by constant inquietude; which must necessarily be the case until we have our consciences pacified by being reconciled to God through Christ. Abraham was a lonely Shemite, who had but lately come into the country, a brother, yet a foreigner; a brave sheik with a goodly band of followers, and a predicted progenitor of a great people; but as yet he was entirely inferior to a settled king in the land, like Melchizedek. The Hebrew word, indeed, translated a priest, sometimes signifies a prince, but the historian hath removed the ambiguity by adding the words, of the most high God.” Who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings — Who had taken Lot prisoner, with the kings of Sodom, Gomorrah, and the neighbouring cities of the plain; and blessed him — Pronounced on him a blessing in the name of God, to whom he ministered; and in his manner of blessing him showed himself to be a priest of the only true God, his words being, Blessed be Abraham of the most high God, possessor of heaven and earth. Salem is defined in this verse as King of peace, and the brief information given in Thayer's lexicon does not contradict it. This is to misread the type. Who met Abraham - in company with the king of Sodom. In that account there is no difficulty whatever. 59:24. It is true Christ in the character of the angel Jehovah, the angel of the Covenant, appeared in the likeness of man to the patriarch, but Christ was not incarnate till he was born of Mary, and therefore could not be a priest; for every high priest is represented as taken from among men, chap, and it "behoved him to be made like unto his brethren, that he might be a merciful and faithful high priest," chap 2:17, not merely having the appearance of a Prayer of Manasseh, but being actually such. Roger Hahn. “from the slaughter,” rather “overthrow”; “Niederwerfung” (Weizsäcker); “clades rather than caedes” (Vaughan) translating in Genesis 14:17, , “the kings”; well-known from Genesis 14, viz. We have formerly adverted to the depth and fullness of the instruction contained in the Word of God. Christ blessedly spoken of, under His High Priestly Character, and the Excellency of his Person and Office. For is it not true of practically the whole Church, at least in a sad degree, that we "are become dull of hearing ... such as have need of milk"? 7 This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. It implies that the God whom Melchisedek served is THE TRUE GOD, not one of the gods of the pagan. He was made like (in his record) to the Son of God--evidently as to the facts of Heb. The whole order is occupied by himself. His name first means king of righteousness, then king of Salem, that is, king of peace. And therefore Zechariah, when he introduces him, as by the solemn decree of God, into the possession of his kingdom, thus extols him, —, “Rejoice, O daughter of Sion, Behold thy righteous King In, , “In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion,” unquestionably gives the name of, to Jerusalem. As he was passing near Salem, Melchisedec meets him, and entertains him, Genesis 14:13-20. (Hebrews 7:1-3) Melchizedek had already been mentioned a number of times, but here the author of Hebrews turns to a fuller exploitation of what must be termed the boldest argument in the entire Bible, based upon the historical account of Melchizedek in Genesis 14 and what had doubtless seemed for ages like a minor statement in Psalms 110:4 . This same Jerusalem, where dwelt the Hebrews to whom this epistle was addressed, was the dwelling-place of the type of our great High Priest, as afterward, the chosen “dwelling-place” of Jehovah. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. It seems strange so few commentaries written from a Torah-perspective have been forthcoming from the pool of Messianic teachers in our time. Thus by tithes Abraham confessed Melchizedek's superiority, for (vs. 7): Without any dispute the less is blessed of the better. Blessed him. He had well earned the benediction by his heroic expulsion of the invaders out of Palestine. 3.) i.e. Priest of the most high God: his authority in matters of religion, as a prime minister about holy things between God and men, and therefore a man, as Hebrews 5:1, set up by the most high God for himself, and consecrated in his order of priesthood by him, which should most illustriously set out that of his own Son. International Bible Lesson Commentary Hebrews 7:1-3 & 18-28 Again, on the Cross He "offered Himself" (Heb. We have seen how much instruction our Apostle elicits from what is recorded of the oath in Psalm 95:11, and the same observation applies to the history of Melchisedec, respecting whom we may observe that we can know no more than what Moses records in the Book of Genesis, and the commentary on the account given by our Apostle. --The Holiest of All, An Exposition of Hebrews, Andrew Murray. intimating that the righteousness, which is otherwise wanting to us, is brought to us by the coming of Christ. Most High. 1:1 In the past God spoke to our forefathers through the prophets at many times and in various ways, 2 but in these last days he has spoken to us by his Son, ... 7:1 This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. Greek. As, , Melchizedek was, doubtless, an Amorite prince, and a descendant of Ham. A thousand! The second likeness which the Apostle states is as to the kingdom of peace. It is indeed the Eternal Spirit, the Spirit of Christ Himself, through Whom all was wrought and in due time recorded. What the "order of Melchizedek" means as to Christ: In our sad "dullness of hearing" the "many things" that we find concerning Melchizedek are indeed "hard of interpretation." "(a) The Lord (Jehovah) is known to a 'Gentile' king (Melchizedek) by the name 'most high god' El Elyon. His place of residence was Salem, afterwards called Jerusalem, in the land of Canaan, Joshua 10:1. Hebrews 7:1 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Hebrews 7:1, NIV : "This Melchizedek was king of Salem and priest of God Most High. But Salem mentioned Psalms 76:2, more known by its famous appellation, Jerusalem. "I came forth and am come of God," He said. That is, he was King of righteousness as Christ first answered at the Cross all righteous claims against us; and second King of peace: Christ is our peace: "Being therefore justified by faith, we have peace with God." He met Abraham and blessed him, after the slaughter of the kings who had taken Lot, his nephew, prisoner. Melchisedec is set forth as a type of Christ, hence it was fitting to connect him with a place signifying "peace." It may be that the result of these speculations has been to invest this chapter with a mystery which does not belong to it. Hebrews: A Biblical Commentary in the Wesleyan Tradition is part of a commentary series that interprets the books of the Bible from a Wesleyan perspective. Scripture: Hebrews 7:1–25. He succeeds no one in office and no one succeeds him. Hebrews 7:1. 191, 213, who shows that it was the specific title chosen by the Maccabean priest-kings. Hebrews 7:1-3 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (1) Genesis 14:17-20 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (2) Hebrews 7:1-10 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (3) Hebrews 7:11-19 Melchizedek and Jesus Christ (4) Hebrews 7:20-28 The Exalted Status of Our High Priest; Hebrews 8:1-13 Hebrews and the New Covenant; Hebrews 9:1-10 The Sanctuary and the Services Besides, the whole world was so fallen into impiety, that it is very probable that God was nowhere faithfully worshipped except in the family of Abraham; for his father and his grandfather, who ought to have retained true religion, had long before degenerated into idolatry. 7:4 But s… Hebrews 7:1 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, (NASB: Lockman) Greek : Houtos gar o Melchisedek, basileus Salem, hiereus tou theou tou hupsistou, o sunantesas ( AAPMSN ) Abraam hupostrephonti ( PAPMSD ) apo tes kopes ton basileon kai eulogesas ( AAPMSN ) auton, But according to Jerome, who says he received his information from some learned Jews, it was the town which is mentioned Genesis 33:18, as a city of Shechem, and which is spoken of (John 3:23) as near to Enon, where John baptized. He is preceded and succeeded by an everlasting silence, so as to present neither beginning nor end of life. But for some reason, the author of Hebrews passes over the easy parallel and focuses on some things that most of us would have missed. The topics by which he proves this, are, that the same priest now abideth always, and does not die, as the Aaronical priests do; and that he has no sins of his own to offer for, as they had. He appears an unlineal priest, without father, mother, or pedigree. Yet on no subject has there been a greater variety of opinion than in regard to this man. , the description given in this verse is taken verbatim [with the needed grammatical alterations] from Genesis 14:17-19. Hebrews 6:20 from the psalm, and the same who is mentioned in Genesis. This meeting of Melchizedek and Abraham, after Abraham had gotten the victory over all his adversaries, was a type and representation of the glorious meeting of Christ and his church, at the last day; then he will bring out of his stores in heaven for their eternal refreshment, as Melchizedek brought forth bread and wine to refresh Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings. The bread and wine Melchizedek brought forth would indeed refresh Abraham and his three hundred eighteen weary servants! For the design of the apostle in this chapter is not to declare the nature or the exercise of the priesthood of Christ, though occasionally mentioned; having spoken of the former, chap. For though this honor is ascribed to kings who rule with moderation and in equity, yet this belongs really to Christ alone, who not only exercises authority justly as others do, but also communicates to us the righteous of God, partly when he makes us to be counted righteous by a gratuitous reconciliation, and partly when he renews us by his Spirit, that we may lead a godly and holy life. Others take him to be one of the posterity of Japhet, the father of the Gentiles: In the midst of these sinners, above others, was Melchizedek raised up as an illustrious type of Christ, the promised Messiah. Hebrews 7:1-25. 3. Hebrews 7:1-10, The True King of Righteousness - Duration: 59:24. Not a mere wish, but authoritative intercession as a priest. 59:24. Lastly, on any other principle than that of “designed” typical relation, it is difficult, if not impossible, to give any just account of the remarkable omissions, the apparently studied silence, in the history of Melchizedek, in regard to those things that are commonly related in notices of lives, however brief. He had well earned the benediction by his heroic expulsion of the invaders out of Palestine. Outline: Hebrews 7:1-10. In Psalms 76:2, “In Salem also is his tabernacle, and his dwelling place in Zion,” unquestionably gives the name of Salem to Jerusalem. And here will be fulfilled in its time that "mystery of His will made known to us": "According to His good pleasure which He purposed in Him (Christ) unto a dispensation of the fullness of the seasons, to sum up (gather together into one) all things in Christ, the things in the heavens, and the things upon the earth" (Eph. Let us believe, with hearts rejoicing, that there is a Man at God's right hand in the glory Who is our Great High Priest; and, that He is God the Son, through Whom the worlds were created! By successive speculators in different ages he has been conjectured to be the Holy Spirit; one of the , or powers of God; the Logos; an angel; an ante-mundane man, created, not out of matter, but spirit; Enoch descended from heaven; Shem, Job, a great Unknown. But, he comes from the wrong Tribe! 1. The Jews made great claim of being related to Abraham, yet this verse (citing Genesis 14:18-20) shows that Melchisedec blessed Abraham. Now this Melchisedec, king of Salem, was a priest of the most high God; who met Abraham returning from the overthrow of the kings, and blessed him; to whom Abraham also divided the tenth of all: being first indeed, by interpretation, King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is, King of Peace; without father, without mother, without decent, having no beginning of days or end of life, but. Melchisedec-met Abraham; Genesis 14:18-19. He is, you may say, a type of Christ. Discussion Questions. “the Most High God” is found in the mouth of Demoniacs, Mark 5:7; Luke 8:28; cf. , asserting thus at once his superiority (Hebrews 7:7) and his priestly authority. In this blessing of Abraham by Melchizedek, all believers are virtually blessed by Jesus Christ: Melchizedek represented all his believing posterity, in what he then received. In the Armana tablets. Our Hebrews are on the spot, and can look back through the Antitype to his primeval type, the primitive “King of righteousness” and “peace.” Wordsworth, indeed, objects that Jerusalem, being the special locality of the Hebrew theocracy, was not the proper place for a universal representative priest; but that is forgetting that Jerusalem was then not Hebrew but Gentile. For this Melchisedec, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him. 9:25, 28). He offered the sacrifices, burnt incense, and blessed the people. Without father, without mother, without descent, having neither beginning of days, nor end of life: which expressions must not be understood absolutely, but tropically, not of Melchizedek as a man, but as a priest; for as a man, he had certainly both father and mother, though not recorded in Scripture; he was assuredly born, and did no less certainly die than other men; but neither his beginning of days nor end of life, are registered and rehearsed, that he might be the fitter type of Christ, concerning whom it is said, Who can declare his generation? 7:1-3, of which note the last--abideth a priest continually. Our opinion is, that Melchizedek was nobody but himself; himself as simply narrated in, ; in which narrative both David, in Psalms 110, , and our author after him, find every point they specify in making him a king-priest, typical of the king-priesthood of Christ. B. And learn hence, that this signal prefiguration of Christ, in the nations of the world, at the same time when Abraham received the promises for himself and his posterity, gave a pledge and assurance of the certain future call of the Gentiles unto an interest in him and participation of him. 16:20). 'Da 4:35,37 Isa 14:13,14 Mt 28:18" (b) the earthly authority of El Elyon (e.g.) “abideth a priest continually;” the connection with the last chapter, therefore, is very clear. THAT HE HAD NONE OF THOSE THINGS IN THE SCRIPTURAL RECORD, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings. Melchizedek was king-priest: king before priest. The record is not that he was like the Son of God, but that (vs. 3) he was made like unto the Son of God, (in having no earthly origin given). Hebrews 7:1-10 Christ, a Priest after the order of Melchisedec, is, proved to be of a more excellent order than that of, Aaron, from the character of Melchisedec, and his. [On the historicity of Genesis 14, see Buchanan Gray in Expositor, May, 1898, and Driver, Authority and Archaeology, pp. 14, 15) we read: "Having then a Great High Priest, Who hath passed through the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our confession. (Of course, as Son of God He had none! It is said simply that when Abraham was returning from a successful military expedition, this man, who it seems was well known, and who was respected as a priest of God, came out to express his approbation of what he had done, and to refresh him with bread and wine. Melchizedek king of Salem, and priest of the Most High God. We hear God say of Christ, "Thou art a Priest forever After the order of Melchizedek" (Chs. Hebrews 7:20-22 from the confirmation of Christ’s priesthood by an oath. And he is, as an historic picture, forever there divinely suspended, the very image of a perpetual king-priest. He blessed him, And Melchizedek said, Blessed be Abraham of the Most High God, possessor of heaven and earth. See Genesis 14:18-20. This Melchizedek. μετὰ τὸ ὑποστρέψαι αὐτὸν ἀπὸ τῆς κοπῆς, For this Melchizedek, King of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all, first, being by interpretation King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is, King of peace. We are not to draw from these remarkable words the inference some have drawn, that Melchizedek never was born, nor that he has not died. Before entering upon this subject we may advert to the opinion which has been advanced that Melchisedec was the Son of God. See last note above. Study the bible online using commentary on Hebrews 7 and more! lib. b. An EasyEnglish Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Letter to the Hebrews. 2:12). For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of God Most High, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all (being first by interpretation, King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is King of peace, without father, without mother, without genealogy, having neither beginning of days nor end of life, but made like unto the Son of God) abideth a priest continually. Melchizedek, in Genesis, suddenly appears upon the historic stage, without antecedents or consequents. κοπὴ), Genesis 14:17; comp. He met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings. It was a name known alike to the Canaanites, Phoenicians and Hebrews. To this end he shows, that antecedently to the giving of the law, and the institution of the Levitical priesthood, God had, without any respect thereto, given a typical prefiguration of this priesthood of Christ, in one who was on all accounts superior to the future Levitical priests. Proper nouns in Bible times often had distinctive meanings, and Thayer says that the name Melchisedec means, "King of righteousness," which is the statement in our verse.
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